The Yorkshire Terrier – Mischievous and Loveable

The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world, yet they seem oblivious to their minute size. They are an energetic dog breed that is forever seeking adventure, love and attention. The Yorkie has a bold and stubborn nature. He is by nature inquisitive, and if given the chance, can get into plenty of mischief.

The Yorkshire Terrier makes a wonderful, devoted companion and watchdog. With a little research, you may discover that a Yorkie is the perfect dog for you.

Yorkshire Terrier History

The Yorkshire Terrier breed is no more than 100 years old and was developed in England. Originally the Yorkie was bred for the purpose of catching rats in mines. They were also used for hunting to borrow underground after badgers and foxes.

The ancestors of the Yorkshire Terrier are the Waterside Terrier, a small Scottish breed with a long blue-gray coat. The Waterside Terrier was brought to Yorkshire, England in the mid 19th century.

The Yorkie made its first appearance in England in 1861 during a bench show. At this time they were known as the “Broken-haired Scotch Terrier”. The Yorkie kept this title for 9 years until during one show a reporter commented that the breed should be known as Yorkshire Terriers, because the breed had improved so much since their arrival in Yorkshire.

The Yorkshire Terrier dog that owners know and love today is slightly smaller than the original breed, and is now considered more of a fashion accessory than a hunter or a way for people to control pests. The Yorkie loves to be pampered by his owner, yet he still enjoys activity and remains a terrier at heart.

Yorkshire Terrier Facts

The Yorkshire Terrier has many wonderful traits, and is one of the most popular dog breeds today. He is very small in size, only standing to about 9 inches at the shoulders, and weighs between 5 and 7 pounds. Because of his small size, the Yorkie is considered apart of the Toy breed group and not the Terrier. The Yorkie has many of the Toy characteristics, such as his alert, active, clever and inquisitive nature.

The Yorkshire Terrier is a sociable breed and is anything but shy. They are bold and not afraid of anything. They love their family, and will bark if they sense danger. This makes them ideal watch dogs. However, understand that while their barking can be a great quality, it can also be annoying. Therefore, you need to be prepared for it; Yorkies love to bark.

Children and Yorkshire Terriers do get along, but it is best if they grow up together. While Yorkie’s are tolerant of children, a child needs to know how to properly play with the dog and show him respect. Yorkie’s won’t think twice about snapping at a child if the child is unintentionally abusive or is teasing the dog.

For the most part, Yorkshire terriers do not get along well with other animals including dogs unless they grow up with them. If you have other pets, make sure you socialize the dogs well. Furthermore, keep in mind that Yorkies, regardless of how well they are socialized with dogs, are not usually compatible with cats, and never with rodents of any kind. Remember, the Yorkshire Terrier was bread to hunt rodents, this is part of their natural instinct and can not be trained out of them.

As far as training goes, Yorkies are a very intelligent breed and learn quickly. They do well with basic obedience, and should be trained so they can grow up a credit to their breed. The last thing you want is an over-protective, over-aggressive and spoiled Yorkshire Terrier.

You will need to give your Yorkie the exercise he requires. Although his small size may lead you to believe otherwise, the Yorkie needs to run and be taken for at least a good 10-15 minute walk every day. However, if you are not always able to take your dog out for walks, you will discover that he is active indoors and will find ways to amuse himself. A Yorkshire Terrier does well in both the city and country, and can easily adapt to apartment living.

Exercise is an important part of your dog’s physical growth and overall health. It will help to ensure that your Yorkie lives to his expectant lifespan of 14 – 16 years. You should also take your Yorkie to the Vet for regular checkups so he can be tested and watched for common illnesses and specific health problems that affect the breed such as knee, eye and liver problems.

Yorkshire Terriers do not shed, but they do require daily grooming. They have very long, silky hair that needs to be brushed and combed to prevent mats. The hair on the top of the Yorkie’s head is usually tied up with a rubber band or ribbon to keep it out of his eyes. If the long hair is too much effort, the dog will need his hair clipped every few months, and will still require daily grooming.

In essence, the Yorkshire Terrier is a fine breed for the first time dog owner, permitted the owner is willing to commit to the daily care and attention the dog requires.

Yorkie Breeders – Taking References

There is plenty for you to consider when searching for reputable yorkie breeders. In fact the biggest issue you will be faced with is determining whether or not the breeder you are interested in is legitimate. The best way for you to check the legitimacy of a Yorkshire Terrier breeder is to ask for references.

Make sure you ask all Yorkie breeders that you are interested in for references. The best references they can give you include:

  • Their Vet
  • Other people who have adopted puppies from them
  • Other breeders associated with them

In addition, if they are a first time breeder, ask them for the contact information of the breeder where they purchased the sire and/or dam of the liter. When given references, make sure you follow up on them. References mean nothing unless you take the time to contact them.

If the breeder is not willing to give you references, this is a good indication that he or she is not serious about their business, and you should seek out another breeder. Moreover, legitimate Yorkie breeders will ask you for references so they can do a background check to make sure that you are ready for one of their dogs and will be a good owner.

Finally, once you find Yorkie breeders you like, and you successfully choose a breeder you like, use this breeder as one of your references. Not only that, make sure you keep in close contact with the breeder, especially during the early years of your dogs life. That way, should you have any questions or concerns, you’ll have the best person to contact.

Be smart: ask for references and make a breeder your friend.

Owning Yorkies – What’s Involved?

Yorkies are an excellent dog breed, but if you are thinking of getting one, have you taken into consideration the cost of owning a dog?

There are many financial aspects that need to be taken care of when owning a Yorkshire Terrier, or any dog for that matter. While some of the costs you may be able to control, the truth is that owning a dog is quite the expense, and not meeting these expenses can have a negative effect on the well being of your dog.

The following is a breakdown of all the Yorkies expenses you will be required to take
care of:

Buying a Yorkie – If you will be purchasing your Yorkie from an animal shelter or rescue, the price can range anywhere from $50 – $100. If you were to buy Yorkies from a legitimate breeder, it will likely cost you close to $1,000 or more. While buying from a good breeder is expensive, usually the cost includes the pup’s shots, some training, possible neutering, etc.

Dog License – The price of this expense depends on where you live. It may be a one-time fee, or it may be a yearly expense. Dog licenses that renew every year can cost from $5 – $30. Make sure you find out the laws in your area. In addition, if you move, make sure you find out the new law that pertains to that city.

Food – Due to the fact that Yorkies are a small breed, they will require a much smaller amount of food then a large dog. Therefore, food for a Yorkie may cost you $100 – $300 on a yearly basis.

Veterinarian Care – Just as humans require a doctor, so do dogs. Unfortunately, like all health care, Vet care does not come at a cheap price. Assuming your dog is healthy, his annual checkup may cost anywhere from $100 – $200 a year. Puppy vaccinations, spaying or neutering, or any other health treatment are all additional costs that will vary in price depending on your vet and sex of your dog. Note: Females are more expensive than males.

Grooming – Yorkies require daily grooming. They also require their nails and coats be trimmed once every few months. This too is an expense you will need to budget for. Call different dog groomers to find out and compare prices. If you find grooming your dog is a luxury you can’t afford, learn how to do the job yourself. This way you will only have to worry about purchasing the necessary grooming supplies once.

Miscellanieous items – The following is a list of items Yorkies will also need:

o Leash
o Collar
o ID Tags
o Dog Shampoo
o Comb and Brush
o Clothing (to protect dog in cold and wet weather)
o Boots (to protect paws in cold weather)
o Toys
o Treats
o Bed
o Crate (optional)
o Etc.

As you can see, there are plenty of expenses you need to meet when owning Yorkies. Thus, becoming a dog owner is not a decision you make overnight. You need to carefully consider if you can provide for the dog and give him a loving home.