The Yorkshire Terrier – Mischievous and Loveable

The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world, yet they seem oblivious to their minute size. They are an energetic dog breed that is forever seeking adventure, love and attention. The Yorkie has a bold and stubborn nature. He is by nature inquisitive, and if given the chance, can get into plenty of mischief.

The Yorkshire Terrier makes a wonderful, devoted companion and watchdog. With a little research, you may discover that a Yorkie is the perfect dog for you.

Yorkshire Terrier History

The Yorkshire Terrier breed is no more than 100 years old and was developed in England. Originally the Yorkie was bred for the purpose of catching rats in mines. They were also used for hunting to borrow underground after badgers and foxes.

The ancestors of the Yorkshire Terrier are the Waterside Terrier, a small Scottish breed with a long blue-gray coat. The Waterside Terrier was brought to Yorkshire, England in the mid 19th century.

The Yorkie made its first appearance in England in 1861 during a bench show. At this time they were known as the “Broken-haired Scotch Terrier”. The Yorkie kept this title for 9 years until during one show a reporter commented that the breed should be known as Yorkshire Terriers, because the breed had improved so much since their arrival in Yorkshire.

The Yorkshire Terrier dog that owners know and love today is slightly smaller than the original breed, and is now considered more of a fashion accessory than a hunter or a way for people to control pests. The Yorkie loves to be pampered by his owner, yet he still enjoys activity and remains a terrier at heart.

Yorkshire Terrier Facts

The Yorkshire Terrier has many wonderful traits, and is one of the most popular dog breeds today. He is very small in size, only standing to about 9 inches at the shoulders, and weighs between 5 and 7 pounds. Because of his small size, the Yorkie is considered apart of the Toy breed group and not the Terrier. The Yorkie has many of the Toy characteristics, such as his alert, active, clever and inquisitive nature.

The Yorkshire Terrier is a sociable breed and is anything but shy. They are bold and not afraid of anything. They love their family, and will bark if they sense danger. This makes them ideal watch dogs. However, understand that while their barking can be a great quality, it can also be annoying. Therefore, you need to be prepared for it; Yorkies love to bark.

Children and Yorkshire Terriers do get along, but it is best if they grow up together. While Yorkie’s are tolerant of children, a child needs to know how to properly play with the dog and show him respect. Yorkie’s won’t think twice about snapping at a child if the child is unintentionally abusive or is teasing the dog.

For the most part, Yorkshire terriers do not get along well with other animals including dogs unless they grow up with them. If you have other pets, make sure you socialize the dogs well. Furthermore, keep in mind that Yorkies, regardless of how well they are socialized with dogs, are not usually compatible with cats, and never with rodents of any kind. Remember, the Yorkshire Terrier was bread to hunt rodents, this is part of their natural instinct and can not be trained out of them.

As far as training goes, Yorkies are a very intelligent breed and learn quickly. They do well with basic obedience, and should be trained so they can grow up a credit to their breed. The last thing you want is an over-protective, over-aggressive and spoiled Yorkshire Terrier.

You will need to give your Yorkie the exercise he requires. Although his small size may lead you to believe otherwise, the Yorkie needs to run and be taken for at least a good 10-15 minute walk every day. However, if you are not always able to take your dog out for walks, you will discover that he is active indoors and will find ways to amuse himself. A Yorkshire Terrier does well in both the city and country, and can easily adapt to apartment living.

Exercise is an important part of your dog’s physical growth and overall health. It will help to ensure that your Yorkie lives to his expectant lifespan of 14 – 16 years. You should also take your Yorkie to the Vet for regular checkups so he can be tested and watched for common illnesses and specific health problems that affect the breed such as knee, eye and liver problems.

Yorkshire Terriers do not shed, but they do require daily grooming. They have very long, silky hair that needs to be brushed and combed to prevent mats. The hair on the top of the Yorkie’s head is usually tied up with a rubber band or ribbon to keep it out of his eyes. If the long hair is too much effort, the dog will need his hair clipped every few months, and will still require daily grooming.

In essence, the Yorkshire Terrier is a fine breed for the first time dog owner, permitted the owner is willing to commit to the daily care and attention the dog requires.

Using A Yorkie Rescue To Find A Lost Dog

When you become a dog owner, one of your biggest fears is losing your dog. However, should your Yorkshire Terrier ever become lost, you can use a Yorkie rescue to help you find your lost pooch.

How? A Yorkie rescue receives plenty of abandoned and lost dogs frequently. Thus, there’s a good chance your Yorkie will turn up there.

Contact the local Yorkie rescue or any dog rescue that may be in your area. You should also contact the local humane society. Provide them with all of the information about your dog, and send them an updated photo of the dog. If the rescue has a website, ask them to post your dog in their lost and found section, so web surfers get the chance to see your dog.

Just remember that you need to play an active role in finding your lost Yorkie. Don’t forget, your dog may not be the only one of its kind missing. If a Yorkshire Terrier is found, it may not be yours, and sometimes shelters and a Yorkie rescue will not be able to determine whether or not the lost dog is yours from your descriptions or the picture. Therefore, make sure you visit and call these places often to check out any dogs they have found yourself.

Aside from using the Yorkie Rescue as a way to find your lost pet, you also need to use other methods such as:

  • Notifying your neighborhood
  • Put an add in the newspaper
  • Making pamphlets and posting them around your neighborhood and within a 1 mile radius. You should also leave them with pet stores, your Vet, shelters, etc.

Keep in mind, when making pamphlets do not divulge any vital information about your pet (ex. Birthmarks, lazy eye, etc.) that you may need to use to ensure that the pet someone has found is yours. You should also refrain from putting your name and address on the pamphlet. Just leave a number where they can reach you. This is for your own safety.

  • Call the transportation office of your state to find out if your Yorkie has been hit by a car. This is a very sad task, but it will stop your search if this unfortunate situation has occurred.
  • Offer a reward. If you offer a reasonable reward, people will be more interested in looking for your Yorkie, and giving him back, if he’s found.

Finally, if someone other than a Yorkie rescue or shelter finds your dog and contacts you, don’t assume that this person is telling you the truth. Unfortunately, there are plenty of dishonest and villainous people who like to take advantage of others. Therefore, if you are contacted by someone about your dog make sure you:

  • Arrange to meet in a public place
  • Take someone with you
  • Under no circumstances should you pay someone the reward until you have your dog safely in your possession.

Remember, the most important aspect of having a lost dog is to find him. Regardless of what has happened to him, you need to know. Therefore, don’t give up your search, and don’t forget that a Yorkie rescue is a great place to turn for support and assistance.

Yorkie Training – Housebreaking your Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkie training is not a difficult process as long as you are consistent and persistent. However, before you can begin any obedience training, or simple commands, your first task is to housebreak your dog.

The first aspect about Yorkie training that you need to understand is that every dog learns differently. For some Yorkshire Terriers housebreaking is easy, for others it may take a little longer. Therefore, you need to have patience.

The next aspect you need to realize is that a dog’s natural instinct is to not eliminate in their “nest”, the place where they rest and call home. Because of this natural instinct, you have the advantage of showing your dog where his nest is, and where he is permitted to eliminate.

You should begin housebreaking Yorkie training immediately, the same day you bring your dog home. The first 3 weeks are the most crucial. The following is the frequency you need to take your dog outside for elimination:

  • Every hour
  • Shortly after the Yorkie eats or drinks
  • After playing sessions
    After exercise
  • After any bursts of excitement (ex. When a visitor comes over, after you come home, etc.)
  • Before you go to bed
  • As soon as you wake up in the morning.

As you can see from the above list, you need to dedicate plenty of your time to this particular type of Yorkie training. Hence, be prepared to take time off work, or make sure someone will be at home to teach the dog when you are not home.

If your dog has accidents in the house, which is bound to happen, do not discipline your dog unless you catch him in the act. Your Yorkie will not understand why you are mad at him. Furthermore, if you do catch him in the act, don’t become irate or start yelling at your dog. You don’t want to give him the message that relieving himself is wrong.

Should you catch your pup in the act, say “No!” in a sharp firm tone and immediately carry your puppy outdoors and let him finish doing his business out there. When he’s finished, praise him. In fact, any time your dog successfully eliminates outside, praise him with heavy enthusiasm. You want your Yorkie to know that his actions have greatly pleased you.

However, it is imperative you praise your Yorkie directly after he eliminates, so he knows what he is being praised for. Don’t praise him after he comes back inside, or he will think you are rewarding him for going out and coming back in.

Furthermore this type of Yorkie training works best when you keep your pup’s schedule as regular as possible. Feed him a regular diet at the same time every day (2-3 times). As soon as he’s finished eating, take him outside and place him in the grass. Tell him to “Go pee” or use a word you prefer to train your dog to go on your command. Say your command before and while your dog is eliminating. Eventually this will allow you to encourage your dog to eliminate on your command, which will prove very useful when you are in a public place or are traveling.

Finally, when you are housebreaking your Yorkie and when he is trained, make sure you discard of his feces in an environmentally friendly manner. Either place it in a bag in park garbage cans or flush it down the toilet. Do not use the sewer as your disposal source. You should also make it a point to clean up after your dog right after he eliminates. You don’t want to run the risk of curious young children (yours or other children) becoming sick by touching or eating the dog’s waste. Furthermore, picking up after your dog will also stop your dog from eating his feces, which is common among most breeds.

No form of Yorkie training is difficult, as long as you are dedicated to teaching your dog.

A Word About Yorkie Puppies

Yorkie puppies are playful little balls of energy that are really cute. However, when choosing a puppy, your goal is to look past the sweetness of the dog, and carefully scrutinize him to make sure that what you are purchasing is a Yorkie that is healthy and will grow into the ideal standard.

You should familiarize yourself with the standard by reading about it first, and then take what you have learned and apply it to the Yorkie puppies and their parents when visiting the breeder of your choice.

To give you an idea of what you should look for, the following is a basic breakdown of the brief traits that make Yorkies a unique breed:

First we’ll start with the coat color of Yorkie puppies as this is the breed’s most distinguishing feature. The hair on the body and tail is dark steel blue and should have no other colors in it. The hair on the face and legs is a rich tan, and should not look fawn. All hair is darker at the roots.

Keep in mind that Yorkie puppies will have darker hair than adults, and may also have some black hairs mixed in with their tan coat. This is normal and will change when the puppy matures.

The coat itself is relatively long and totally straight. The coat is distributed evenly all over the body. There should be no kinks, waves or curls in the coat. The coat is not rough, and will feel fine and silky to the touch.

The next part you will notice is the face of Yorkie puppies. The Yorkshire Terrier has clear, dark glittering eyes that convey an intelligent expression. The rims of their lids are dark. Just as their eyes are dark, so is their nose which is distinctly black.

The nose is the perfect compliment to the end of the muzzle, which is not too long or short. The mouth of the Yorkie contains a lovely set of white teeth that are straight and create a pristine scissor bite.

The ears of Yorkie puppies are small and V-shaped. They stand perfectly erect and are not too far apart. The ears are covered in short hair that is a deep tan color. When noticing the ears, you will also discover that the head of a Yorkie is small and flat, and is not too round or prominent; the head is proportioned to the body.

The body of a Yorkshire Terrier is compact with a level back. Their ribs are well sprung and they have good loins. The body of Yorkie puppies extends nicely into the tail which is usually docked, but it can be left undocked. If it is docked, the tail is medium in length and is covered in plenty of dark blue hair that is darker then rest of body (particularly at the tip of the tail). A docked tail is carried slightly higher than the level of the back. An undocked tail should have the same characteristics except that it is longer and quite straight. The tail should give the body a look of balance.

The last part of Yorkie puppies that you should pay attention to are their legs and feet. The forelegs of Yorkies are straight and are covered with long golden tan hair. The hind legs are straight with a moderate turn of stifle and are also tan. Their feet are round with black nails. When they walk, Yorkshire Terriers are free flowing, but they walk with a purpose. They have plenty of drive in their movements, walk straight and balanced.

Even though you may notice the Yorkie puppies you examine do not have all of the above characteristics, this may not be a sign that there is something wrong with the pedigree or liter. If you have your doubts, speak to the breeder, and be sure to look at the sire and dam. The parents of the liter will give you a good indication of what their pups will look like when they become older.

Think of Yorkie puppies as children: You can see the potential at an early age, but it will take time for it to fully develop.

Your Yorkshire Terrier Puppy And Children

If you are thinking of making a Yorkshire Terrier puppy apart of your family and you have young children, it is imperative that you make sure your children are actively involved in the dog’s life and know how to properly handle the dog.

Since owning a dog is a large responsibility the whole family should share, the following are some things you should keep in mind regarding a new Yorkshire Terrier puppy:

Is a puppy the ideal choice? You’ve decided that a Yorkie is the dog breed you want, but have you considered if a puppy or dog would be a better choice? Remember, a puppy is a huge responsibility that takes plenty of time to train. Furthermore, if you have a new born baby, or children under a year old, puppies are not recommended as a puppy needs your undivided attention.

When you adopt a dog his personality will already be developed, so you don’t have to worry about him changing. That being said, Yorkshire Terrier puppies can be a lot of fun, especially for young children or teens who want to play with a dog that has as much energy as they do.

Is a Yorkie the right size for your family? A Yorkie is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world. A full grown Yorkshire Terrier weighs between 5-7 pounds. This means that your dog can be easily injured if he isn’t gently handled, is stepped on, sat on, etc. Therefore it is vital that you teach your children how to properly handle and play with the dog. You need to make your child extremely aware of the fragility of the dog. Due to the fact that most children won’t understand how fragile the dog is, and because they sometimes don’t know their own strength, many breeders recommend that Yorkshire Terrier puppies shouldn’t be placed in a family with children under the age of 7.

Supervise your children – If you have children under the age of 6, you should supervise your child when they are interacting with the dog. Just like a Yorkshire Terrier puppy, young children are incredibly inquisitive and impulsive. A young child won’t think twice about making sudden movements towards a dog, poking him or grabbing him; and a dog won’t think twice about snapping at a child if he feels threatened by their behavior.

Thus, you need to teach a child that it is unacceptable to tease, frighten, hurt or challenge the dog. Teach your child how to properly socialize with their family pet. The more your child understands the dog, the quicker they will learn to treat it with the respect and care the dog requires.

Let your child care for the dog – All children love to help whenever they can. It makes them feel important. Hence, let your child help care for your Yorkshire Terrier puppy. What can you let your child help with? In truth, it depends on the age of the child. Here are some good ideas you can consider:

  • 3 – 5 years of age – Hang the dog’s leash.
  • 5 – 7 years of age – Measure the food the Yorkshire Terrier puppy needs and put it in his food dish. Fill his water dish.
  • 7 – 10 years of age – Feed the dog, clean up after the dog, take him on a supervised walk.
  • 10-12 years of age – Help train the dog, pick up after the dog, take a trained dog for a walk, help an adult with grooming.
  • 12 and up – Groom the dog and do all other chores.

Finally, all ages can take part in one of the most important dog chores of all – playtime. A Yorkshire Terrier needs plenty of love and attention from everyone.

There is no harm in having children and owning a Yorkshire Terrier puppy, as long as you are prepared to teach children everything they need to know, and make sure they stick by these rules. Never forget that you are primary caretaker of the dog. The Yorkie is your responsibility. It’s your job to ensure he remains safe, healthy and content.

Yorkie Breeders – Taking References

There is plenty for you to consider when searching for reputable yorkie breeders. In fact the biggest issue you will be faced with is determining whether or not the breeder you are interested in is legitimate. The best way for you to check the legitimacy of a Yorkshire Terrier breeder is to ask for references.

Make sure you ask all Yorkie breeders that you are interested in for references. The best references they can give you include:

  • Their Vet
  • Other people who have adopted puppies from them
  • Other breeders associated with them

In addition, if they are a first time breeder, ask them for the contact information of the breeder where they purchased the sire and/or dam of the liter. When given references, make sure you follow up on them. References mean nothing unless you take the time to contact them.

If the breeder is not willing to give you references, this is a good indication that he or she is not serious about their business, and you should seek out another breeder. Moreover, legitimate Yorkie breeders will ask you for references so they can do a background check to make sure that you are ready for one of their dogs and will be a good owner.

Finally, once you find Yorkie breeders you like, and you successfully choose a breeder you like, use this breeder as one of your references. Not only that, make sure you keep in close contact with the breeder, especially during the early years of your dogs life. That way, should you have any questions or concerns, you’ll have the best person to contact.

Be smart: ask for references and make a breeder your friend.

Yorkshire Terrier Care – Grooming Tips

Constant Yorkshire Terrier care is how you maintain the well being and happiness of your dog. One of the most important parts of Yorkie care is the daily grooming of his coat.

To help you keep your Yorkie’s coat in tip-top shape, follow these Yorkshire Terrier care tips:

  • You will need a brush for the dog coat, as well as a comb to get out any mats.

     

  • Never brush or comb your Yorkie when his hair is dry. Lightly spray his coat with a dog conditioner, water, or a mixture of the two. Brushing his coat when it is dry will damage his hair.

     

  • The best brush for Yorkshire Terrier care is a pin brush that has a rubber back. This brush is soft but the pins of the brush will penetrate the coat and the undercoat. Don’t use any other brush, especially those with small balls on the end of the bristles, these bristles will break off in your dogs coat.

     

  • The best comb for Yorkshire Terrier care is a sturdy metal comb that has long teeth. This should be used to help work out any of the tangles or mats in the dog’s coat. Use your fingers and the comb to pull apart the mat without ripping your dog’s hair. BE GENTLE! Apply doggy de-tangler or conditioner to these specific areas to help. Note: Should the mat prove to be impossible to take out, you will need to cut it out, or cut out part of the knot to make taking the remainder out easier on you and your dog.

     

  • Remember, after brushing you should always finish off your dog’s coat grooming with a good combing.

     

  • Another comb that works well is a fine toothed comb primarily used to comb out fleas. Use this comb around your dog’s eyes to remove any of the tear stain that may be there, and to gently comb his ears. Again, make sure you are very careful when working around your Yorkie’s eyes.

     

  • Don’t forget to give him a treat after every grooming!

In addition, make sure you bathe your Yorkie on a regular basis (once a month or once every two weeks) to keep his coat clean. After each bath give him a good combing, and make sure you fully dry his hair with a hair dryer. You also need to have his coat trimmed every few months.

The coat grooming aspect of Yorkshire Terrier care is a relatively simple task as long as it’s done on a daily basis. Daily grooming will ensure mats and knots are kept out of your dog’s hair.

Owning Yorkies – What’s Involved?

Yorkies are an excellent dog breed, but if you are thinking of getting one, have you taken into consideration the cost of owning a dog?

There are many financial aspects that need to be taken care of when owning a Yorkshire Terrier, or any dog for that matter. While some of the costs you may be able to control, the truth is that owning a dog is quite the expense, and not meeting these expenses can have a negative effect on the well being of your dog.

The following is a breakdown of all the Yorkies expenses you will be required to take
care of:

Buying a Yorkie – If you will be purchasing your Yorkie from an animal shelter or rescue, the price can range anywhere from $50 – $100. If you were to buy Yorkies from a legitimate breeder, it will likely cost you close to $1,000 or more. While buying from a good breeder is expensive, usually the cost includes the pup’s shots, some training, possible neutering, etc.

Dog License – The price of this expense depends on where you live. It may be a one-time fee, or it may be a yearly expense. Dog licenses that renew every year can cost from $5 – $30. Make sure you find out the laws in your area. In addition, if you move, make sure you find out the new law that pertains to that city.

Food – Due to the fact that Yorkies are a small breed, they will require a much smaller amount of food then a large dog. Therefore, food for a Yorkie may cost you $100 – $300 on a yearly basis.

Veterinarian Care – Just as humans require a doctor, so do dogs. Unfortunately, like all health care, Vet care does not come at a cheap price. Assuming your dog is healthy, his annual checkup may cost anywhere from $100 – $200 a year. Puppy vaccinations, spaying or neutering, or any other health treatment are all additional costs that will vary in price depending on your vet and sex of your dog. Note: Females are more expensive than males.

Grooming – Yorkies require daily grooming. They also require their nails and coats be trimmed once every few months. This too is an expense you will need to budget for. Call different dog groomers to find out and compare prices. If you find grooming your dog is a luxury you can’t afford, learn how to do the job yourself. This way you will only have to worry about purchasing the necessary grooming supplies once.

Miscellanieous items – The following is a list of items Yorkies will also need:

o Leash
o Collar
o ID Tags
o Dog Shampoo
o Comb and Brush
o Clothing (to protect dog in cold and wet weather)
o Boots (to protect paws in cold weather)
o Toys
o Treats
o Bed
o Crate (optional)
o Etc.

As you can see, there are plenty of expenses you need to meet when owning Yorkies. Thus, becoming a dog owner is not a decision you make overnight. You need to carefully consider if you can provide for the dog and give him a loving home.